Home » Perennial plants » Hydrangea quercifolia

Hydrangea quercifolia

Hydrangea quercifolia the Oakleaf hydrangea

Hydrangea quercifolia is commonly called the Oakleaf hydrangea, it is native to North Carolina through to Tennessee. Being one of the largest flowering types, if you are after a mass display of large flowers, them this is the variety for you.

Large growing, Hydrangea quercifolia can look great at the back of the border. It can also be an exceptional plant behind a low fence, hwere the flowers can be allowed to poke up ove rhte top.

The large leaves are an attractive green, and are deeply scalloped similar to Oak trees (hence the name) and turn a bright crimson during Autumn.

Hydrangea quercifolia (Oakleaf hydrangea) is characterised by large white dense pyramidical flowers that turn pink with age.

To add to the benefits of this wonderful plant, a few dwarf varieties are also available for sale, including H. quercifolia 'Sikes Dwarf' which will reach around 3 ft in height. Excellent for those with smaller gardens or for those who need a lower growing type.

Hydrangea quercifolia 'Ruby slippers' has flowers that open white, however quickly turn to pale pink and then a pale ruby red.

Pruning Oakleaf Hydrangeas

Oakleaf hydrangeas are pruned for number of reasons, to maintain shape and size, to remove dead or diseased wood and to improve flowering (flower size or flower numbers).

The key to pruning Oakleaf type hydrangeas is to understand that they will flower on old wood. This simply means the growth that they put on the previous summer. You could in fact not prune them at all, however after a few years they may become unruly.

Dwarf types generally need no pruning at all except for the removal of spent flower heads.

The simplest pruning method is to remove some of the older canes right back to the ground every few years. This will help regenerate the plant, try 1/3 of the canes at a time, every 3 years.

As a rule, selective pruning in spring will produce larger flowers, fall pruning smaller flowers, but more of them.

You can also lightly prune immediately after flowering, simply prune back 1/3 to 1/2 of the new seasons growth. If you prune back harder you will get no or very few flowers the next season.

Varieties

  • Hydrangea quercifolia 'Snow Queen'.
  • Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee' (a smaller growing form).
  • Snowflake (a lovely double flowered form).
  • Sikes dwarf.
  • Alice.
  • Little honey.
  • Amethyst (flowers age more quickly to a deep red)